There are many sides to car handling with several benefits attached to it; one of the several benefits is the fact that proper car handling helps car last longer.
When your car lasts longer, it helps you save cost hence, the money that would have been spent on car repair can be channeled towards something else.
Below are tips on how to go about your car handling in order to get the best out of it:
Maintain Your Brakes
Consistent brake maintenance should include new pads and shoes as wear mandates. And when you replace pads and shoes, replace rotors and drums.
Although it is a common practice to turn drums and rotors on a brake lathe during a brake overhaul, cutting rotors and drums tends to weaken the material.
And if there is warping, no amount of machining will remove the irregularity permanently. You will get pedal gyration shortly into the new brake job.
Your brake hydraulic system should be completely flushed every two years. Because mineral-based brake hydraulic fluid is hydroscopic in nature, it tends to absorb moisture.
Moisture in brake fluid boils, causing a sponging pedal and poor brake performance.
Fresh brake fluid every two years, along with a cooling system flush, keeps your brakes safe and reliable. This ensures an effective car handling.
Balance Your Wheels
Although a lot of today’s new cars and trucks have sealed axle bearings and hubs, there are still a lot of vehicles on the road that call for wheel bearing maintenance. Wheel bearings should be cleaned and inspected any time you perform brake maintenance.
Scored rollers and races call for bearing replacement. Always replace axle seals when you perform wheel bearing service. Bearings should be generously packed with high temperature wheel bearing grease. Never grease the axle spindle.
Change Your Fuel Filter
When was the last time you replaced your fuel filter? If you’re like most of us, you cannot remember and that’s because fuel filters are largely out of sight these days on new cars and in some cases have been eliminated altogether. Fuel filters should be replaced every 25,000 miles to ensure your engine gets clean fuel. On closed fuel injection systems, loosen the fuel filler cap to depressurize the fuel system.
Care For Your Batteries
Lead acid storage batteries are virtually maintenance-free these days. They are sealed and require very little attention, though some still need to be topped off with distilled water occasionally. Battery terminals should be cleaned and tightened periodically along with a good charging system check.
Overcharging can kill a battery more quickly than undercharging. Leaving a battery in service too long can also do significant damage to your engine compartment if the battery has lived beyond its prime and is venting electrolyte, which is sulfuric acid.
When performing cooling system and brake flushing every two years, have a reputable repair shop check your vehicle’s charging system. Where possible, the specific gravity of each battery cell should be checked. The alternator and voltage regulator should be in good serviceable condition along with the drive belt and wiring.
Sensor/Control Maintenance and Replacement
Talk about something none of us ever thinks about. We perceive electronic engine control (fuel injection and ignition) as maintenance-free and it largely is. However, it can malfunction and do engine damage without you even knowing until it is too late. Electronic engine control systems consist of the following sensors:
- Mass Air Flow
- Intake Charge Temperature
- Throttle Position
- Coolant Temperature
- EGR Position
- Manifold Air Pressure
- Fuel Pressure Regulator
- Idle Air Control
- Fuel Pump Relay
- Fuel Pump Impact Switch
When you perform a tuneup, which is basically nothing more than spark plugs and ignitions coils/harness, check all sensors and inspect the wiring harness. Never ignore a Check Engine light. Ascertain the malfunction and correct immediately.
Maintain Your Ignition System
Automotive ignition systems work very hard and they are certainly forgiving of neglect. To keep your ignition consistent and reliable, replace the spark plugs, ignition wires and coils at the same time. I recommend using only platinum tip spark plugs and ignition components; consult your manufacturer’s recommendations.
Maintain Your Air conditioning
Because auto air conditioning woes tend to be expensive and time consuming, car owners tend to ignore them until cabin temperature becomes unbearable. Your car’s climate control system requires annual maintenance and care. Every spring, have your air conditioning inspected, checked for leaks and serviced with refrigerant as needed.
The compressor and all connections should be checked for traces of refrigeration oil, which indicates refrigerant leakage. Leaks must be fixed. The loss of refrigerant and oil can lead to compressor failure and expensive repair. Annual maintenance in the springtime is good preventive maintenance.
Service Your Drive Axle
Differentials need love too, calling for regular fluid changes every 25,000 to 30,000 miles. Keep in mind your drive axle, be it front- or rear-drive, operates at very high temperatures and under some of the toughest conditions imaginable. Clean fluid breathes longevity into an axle package, saving you money and logging more miles.
Take Care of Cosmetics
With all this attention being paid to keeping the mechanicals up, you don’t want to forget cosmetics – exterior finish, interior, trim work and a host of other important elements. When you allow your vehicle’s appearance to slide, it allows you to become careless about everything else because there’s no longer pride in what you’re driving.
Stay on top of vehicle upkeep – such as washing, waxing and keeping the interior up. And when trim items and interior parts deteriorate from use, replace them to give it a fresh look.
When you’re driving a vehicle you feel proud of, you’re more inclined to take care of all maintenance items and reach that half-million-mile mark.
These tips when followed appropriately helps to ensure a proper car handling and keep your car in the best state possible.
Got more tips on how to go about adequate car handling? Kindly drop your comments in the box below.